June 2023 Vol 12 No 1

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2301


1). Ravindra Chopra, Modern Institute of Technology and Research Centre, Alwar, Rajasthan, India
2). Mukesh Kumar, Manipal University Jaipur, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3). Rajesh Bhargava, Modern Institute of technology & Research Centre (MITRC), Alwar, Rajasthan, India
4). Shoaib Akhtar, Modern Institute of Technology and Research Centre, Alwar, Rajasthan, India
5). Abhishek Jain, Modern Institute of technology & Research centre (MITRC), Alwar, Rajasthan, India

Abstract :


Fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites have been widely applied in various areas due to their excellent mechanical properties. The hybrid composite that was employed in this study is typically a GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic) composite. This type of hybrid composite consists of layers of fiberglass that are interspersed with a copper strip mesh that has a plain weave. Both GFRP composites and hybrid composites were fabricated using 20% weight of e-glass fiber as reinforcement. Epoxy resin LY556 was utilized as the substance for the matrix. The torsion strength of GFRP and hybrid composites is one of the aspects that are investigated in this work. The GFRP composite has more torsional strength as compared to the hybrid composite. This is because hybrid composites have coper strips in between them, resulting in some unfused areas, whereas GFRP composites have all of the fibers completely fused into the resin. The GFRP composite has approximately 58 % more torsional strength.


No of Downloads : 74

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2302


1). S. I. Sarsam, Sarsam and Associates Consult Bureau (SACB), Baghdad, Baghdad, IRAQ

Abstract :


The Asphalt binder usually practices ageing throughout its service life due to the environment. The asphalt binder will practice changes in the rheological properties and loses the required flexibility, its adhesion to the aggregates and cohesion. Implication of Micro and Nano size additives can enhance the quality of the binder and extend its useful life. In the present investigation, two types of asphalt binder with penetration grade (40-50 and 60-70) were digested with micro size additive (Fly ash, and hydrated lime) and Nano size additive (Fumed silica and silica fumes). The treated binders were subjected to the rheological properties determination. It was observed that for (40-50) and (60-70) binders, the penetration viscosity number declines by (2.8, 0.3, 1.4, and 1.4) % and (1.7, 1.2, 2.1, and 0.6) % for (Fly ash, fumed silica, silica fumes, and hydrated lime) treated binder respectively. For (40-50) and (60-70) asphalt binder, the viscosity increases by (5.8, 33.4, 54.4, and 43.6) % and (102.5, 135.5, 112, and 12) % for (Fly ash, fumed silica, silica fumes, and hydrated lime) treated binder respectively. For (40-50) and (60-70) binders, the creep stiffness increases by (5, 25, 35, and 32.5) % and (6.2, 12.5, 18.7, and 25) % when fly ash, fumed silica, silica fumes, and hydrated lime were implemented. It can be revealed that implementation of Nano size additives exhibits higher creep stiffness and lower temperature susceptibility when compared with Micro size additives.


No of Downloads : 34

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2303


1). H. R. Chath, Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
2). B. K. Chhatrala, Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology for Diploma Studies, Rajkot, Gujarat, India

Abstract :


These days, digital evaluations are absolutely necessary for enhancing consumer communications all around the world and for influencing the shopping behaviours of consumers. E-commerce behemoths like as Amazon, Flipkart, Snap deal, Jio, and others let users to share their experiences and provide prospective customers true information into the functioning of a product. Utilizing and analysing the sentiment of customers' product evaluations on e-commerce platforms may be beneficial to both businesses and the academics who work in those platforms. E-commerce product quality management places a significant emphasis on the practise of sentiment analysis of e-commerce reviews. The polarity of emotion expressed in customer reviews is a burgeoning field within the field of sentiment analysis. Businesses make use of consumer feedback, both positive and negative, in order to gain a better understanding of how customers feel about different products and to determine which are the most popular. This study conducts an analysis of previously published research and sets out to construct a new model known as Modified Deep Learning Neural Network Models (MDLNNM), with the goal of automatically detecting and classifying the polarity of sentiment in Product Review Dataset. This system can classify user reviews based on the features of product reviews by using the data from those reviews. According to the findings of the survey, companies have the ability to keep an eye on their customers in real time and request guidance on how to better comprehend them. They will then be able to improve their product options and provide customers with dependable after-sales support.


No of Downloads : 48

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2304


1). Mrs. K. Vasumathi, Government Arts and Science College, Arakkonam, Tamilnadu, India
2). Dr. S. Selvakani, Government Arts and Science College, Arakkonam, Tamilnadu, India
3). J. Vellaiyan, Government Arts and Science College , Arakkonam, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract :


The usage of mobile devices is growing every day, leading to a significant surge in SMS traffic. SMS, a text messaging service available on both regular and smartphones, has also resulted in an increase in spam texts. Spammers aim to send unsolicited messages to gain financial or commercial benefits, such as credit card details, market growth, lottery tickets, and more. Consequently, spam detection has become a priority, and our work focuses on detecting SMS spam using a combination of machine learning and deep learning techniques. To build our spam detection model, we utilized data from UCI, achieving an accuracy rate of 98.5%, which surpasses previous models. Our implementation was completed using Python.


No of Downloads : 45

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2305


1). Abhishek Bamnote, PCCOE - Pimpri Chinchwad College Of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2). Rachana Y. Patil, Pimpri Chinchwad College of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Abstract :


In recent years, the management of identity, identity theft, and fake identities has become a more significant issue. In our society, maintaining trust and security is always a concern. With time and digitalization, the human race has found many ways to protect individual identities. A good example can be a passport worldwide or an Aadhar card in India. Still, we can always have news about fake documents, even while documents are being digitized. To prevent identity theft and fake identity issues, we can use blockchain technology to link multiple documents together. This would involve the history of that person due to the linking of every past document. The documents are to be verified before being uploaded by authorities and signed by the issuing institution. The authority to access the information should be given only to the holder. Another aspect of how much information should be revealed must be a concern. In this paper, we would like to review some possible solutions to all these problems.


No of Downloads : 27

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2306


1). P. G. Vegada, Atmiya University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
2). M. V. Sheladiya, Atmiya University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
3). Sagar S. Kanjiya, Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot, Gujarat, India

Abstract :


Changing the focus to a significant channel of manufactured item components. The chosen machines come in many types of Capabilities, to satisfy the requirements. The machine part met the standards for dimensions and geometrical tolerances. In addition to meeting geometrical requirements, it is one of the most often utilized metal removal processes in the industry since it can remove material more quickly while still providing a reasonably excellent surface quality. One of the most important requirements for bored components to carry out their specified tasks is geometric conformity. In addition to the dimensional criteria, there are other geometrical requirements such as circularity, cylindricity, perpendicularity, etc. The impact of the cutting settings on them is more significant because they directly affect assembly. The present state of the research in this field is highlighted in this paper.


No of Downloads : 27

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2307


1). Kuldeep Pareta, Water Resource Department (International Development), DHI (India) Water & Environment Pvt Ltd., New Delhi, India
2). Upasana Pareta, Department of Computer Science, Omaksh Consulting Pvt Ltd, Greater Noida, UP, India

Abstract :


The Eurasian plate is being pushed upwards by the Indian Plate and is moving northeast and uplifting the Himalayan Mountain. Brahmaputra plain is one of most important geological areas, who experienced tectonic evolution, so that area is very seismically unstable. The 1897 and 1950 earthquakes, which had a Richter magnitude of 8.7, were among the worst ever in recorded history. This study primarily focuses on the morphological changes that have taken place in response to the 1950 Great Assam Earthquake's disruption of the fluvial system. We have chosen an area between Pasighat, Bhupen Hazarika, and Bogibeel Bridge for this study. Post-great-Assam-earthquake of 1950 has supplied Around 45 billion m3 of sediments in Brahmaputra River and its tributaries. Due to this riverbed rode by 1.5m at Dibrugarh immediately after the earthquake and thereafter a significant number of debris-silt continued enter to river and riverbed rose by 3m in 1955, ? of Dibrugarh town eroded, and between 1953-2022 approx. 153 Km2 of areas have been eroded. Fine fraction of sediment (silt and clay) travelled quickly through the system, without disturbing the morphology of the channels, but course fraction (sand) had taken half century to travel through the system and continuous changing the river morphology. During the past century, Brahmaputra River in Assam has expanded from 6-Km to 9-Km, and between 1973 and 2022, it has increased by 0.53-Km. Interpretation based on historical maps suggests that the observed morphological changes of the Brahmaputra River are a continuation of the recent planform evolution of the river which can be observed over 2-3 centuries.


No of Downloads : 25

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2308


1). Debrupa Pal, Narula Institute of Technology, Agarpara, West Bengal, India
2). Disha Maity, Narula Institute of Technology, Agarpara, West Bengal, India
3). Debjyoti Debnath, JIS University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4). Sudipta Kumar Dutta, JIS University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Abstract :


The purpose of this paper is to study the area of developing websites for the World Wide Web and to provide a methodology to help with this process. Techniques have as well as others who criticize the limitations and rigidity of prescriptive frameworks. It is hoped that the technique given here will serve as a useful framework for directing the process rather than being a universal solution to all of the issues associated with web development.


No of Downloads : 37

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2309


1). Debrupa Pal, Narula Institute of Technology, Agarpara, West Bengal, India
2). Animesh Ghosh, Narula Institute of Technology, Agarpara, West Bengal, India
3). Sourav Majumdar, Narula Institute of Technology, Agarpara, West Bengal, India
4). Ashadeep Pan, JIS University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
5). Debmitra Ghosh, JIS University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Abstract :


This study makes an effort to introduce artificial intelligence and its important subfields in machine learning methods. It also covers the function of these subfields in many healthcare sectors, including bioinformatics, gene detection for cancer diagnosis, epilepsy seizure, and brain-computer interface. It also discusses the deep learning based medical image processing for conditions like tumors, gastrointestinal disorders, and diabetic retinopathy. The final section of this essay examines the challenges that must be faced in the real world in order to make AI techniques more accessible.


No of Downloads : 37

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2310


1). S. I. Sarsam, Sarsam and Associates Consult Bureau (SACB), Baghdad, Baghdad, IRAQ

Abstract :


Asphalt concrete mixture practices loading and environmental impacts which can render the distresses formation. Implication of micro and nano additives to the mixture as partial substitute of the filler can extend the fatigue life of the pavement and control the initiation of distresses. An attempt has been made in this assessment to implement micro and nano additives such as fly ash and fumed silica to enhance the sustainability of asphalt concrete mixture. The influence of such additives on the stiffness, permanent deformation, and dissipated energy was investigated. It was revealed that the modified mixtures with silica fumes and fly ash exhibits higher flexural stiffness of (7500 and 8000) MPa, (2000 and 3000) MPa, and (1600 and 1800) MPa as compared to that of the control mixture under 250, 400, and 750 microstrain levels respectively. Significant loss of energy could be detected at the initial stages of loading. For the control mixture, the flexural stiffness exhibits almost constant stiffness while it increases after 0.00001 MJ/m3 loss of energy. When the silica fumes additive are implemented, the stiffness increase sharply as the loss of energy reaches 0.0001 MJ/m3, then increases gently. When the fly ash was introduced, a sharp increase in the flexural stiffness could be observed up to 0.00001 MJ/m3 loss of energy, and then the increment in the stiffness was almost constant. It was concluded that the micro size additive (fly ash) exhibits superior behavior in supporting the flexural stiffness of asphalt concrete when compared with the Nano size additive (silica fumes).


No of Downloads : 17

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2311


1). Chetan P. Ahuja, Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
2). Mukesh V. Vekariya, Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology for Diploma Studies, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
3). Sagar S. Kanjiya, Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot, Gujarat, India

Abstract :


Adsorption refrigeration systems have come into existence as an alternative to traditional systems, which rely on refrigerants that are detrimental to the environment and use enormous amounts of electricity. These systems are extremely relevant for meeting cooling needs in distant locations where the need for ice-making, air conditioning, water chillers, and other cooling need is critical, as well as for the preservation of food or medical supplies. They also have a lot of benefits, including as quiet operation, resistance to corrosion, and environmental friendliness. These advantages have motivated me to take on the challenge of creating an air conditioning solution. My topic is focused on developing a small system that makes use of a silica gel and water working pair to effectively produce air cooling while using solar energy.


No of Downloads : 50

Author (s) : DOI : 10.32692/IJDI-ERET/12.1.2023.2312


1). O. K. Osazuwa, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, NIGERIA
2). C. E. Chinwuko, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, NIGERIA
3). Chukwuneke J. L., Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, NIGERIA
4). H. C. Olisakwe, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, NIGERIA
5). C. P. Odeh, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, NIGERIA

Abstract :


Structural instability of the most used engineering material steel under the action of axially applied compressive load which thus actuates its failure has necessitated its study inquest to understand the contributory factors to such failure by buckling and the behavioural pattern of the material. This study was therefore based on the application of Galerkin’s approach of the method of weighted residuals to determine the optimum buckling (deflection) value of a prismatic bar made of AISI 8620 alloy steel material. The percentage composition of the elements present in the material was determined using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) machine. The mechanical properties of the material such as its compressive yield strength, elastic modulus, tensile and compressive strengths were experimentally determined with the aid of an Amatez EZ 250 tensile and compressive testing machine according to ASTM. The essential variables such as the cross-section area, moment of inertia, slenderness ratio, optimum buckling load, bending moment, position of the neutral axis, radius of gyration and critical stress were all evaluated using their appropriate formula. Analytical formula for calculating the deflections of a beam was equally employed to validate the results of Galerkin method. From the results obtained, the Galerkin’s and analytical methods employed gave an optimum buckling (deflection) value of 2.8607mm and the results of the analytical method correlated well with that of the Galerkin’s procedure. The material lost stability within its elastoplastic boundary before its plastic deformation. Therefore, this determined optimum buckling (deflection) value of AISI 8620 alloy steel material gave well-correlated values and should be referenced during structural/mechanical design of systems to ensure their safety and optimal performance characteristics.


No of Downloads : 30

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