Parametric Optimization of Face Milling to Improve Surface Roughness using AISI 1010 Steel

Author (s):

  1. Aakash N. Samani, B.H. Gardi College of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot, Gujarat, India,
  2. Prof. Parag Paija, B. H. Gardi College of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot, Gujarat, India


Milling is the machining process of using rotary cutters to remove material from a workpiece by advancing in a direction at an angle with the axis of the tool. It covers a wide variety of different operations and machines, on scales from small individual parts to large, heavy-duty gang milling operations. It is one of the most commonly used processes in industry and machine shops today for machining parts to precise sizes and shapes. Face Milling is the most common milling operation and can be performed using a wide range of different tools. Cutters with a 45-degree entering angle are most frequently used, but round insert cutters, square holder cutters and side and face mills are also used for certain conditions. This study has been undertaken to investigate the optimum parameter using Design of Experiments through Taguchi method to improve surface roughness of AISI 1010 steel in the milling process using L27 Orthogonal array. In this work an attempt has made to find optimum cutting parameters in Milling Machine from Spindle Speed, Feed & Depth of Cut to improve Surface Roughness with the help of Vertical Machining Centre Batliboi for a Specific material AISI 1010 Steel (commonly known as Black Bar). The Results obtained with Roughness tests though Roughness Tester(Mitutoyo) are Validated with the help of Minitab Software.

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