Surface Roughness, Machining Force and Flank Wear in Turning of Hardened AISI 4340 Steel with Coated Carbide Insert: Cutting Parameters Effects


Author (s):

  1. A. Kumar, National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
  2. D. Dhupal, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Odisha, India
  3. R. P. Nayak, Orissa Engineering College, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  4. S. R. Das, National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India, das.sudhansu83@gmail.com

Abstract:

The current experimental study is to investigate the effect of process parameters (cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut) on performance characteristics (surface roughness, machining force and flank wear) in hard turning of AISI 4340 steel wit multilayer CVD (TiN/TiCN/Al2O3) coated carbide insert. Combined effects of cutting parameter (v, f, d) on performance outputs (Ra, Fm and VB) are explored employing the analysis of variance (ANOVA). An L9 Taguchi standard design of experiments procedure was used to develop the regression models for machining responses, within the range of parameters selected. Results show that, feed rate has statistical significance on surface roughness and the machining force is influenced principally by the feed rate and depth of cut whereas, cutting speed is the most significant factor for flank wear followed by cutting speed. The desirability function approach has been used for multi-response optimization. Based on the surface roughness, machining force and flank wear, optimized machining conditions were observed in the region 147 m/min cutting speed, 0.10 mm/rev feed rate and 0.6 mm depth of cut.

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