Characterization and Effects of Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Leachate on Ground Water Quality, Case Study of Gandhi Nagar City, Gujarat
- Krupa Engineer, SAL Engineering & Technical Institute, Ahmedabad
Disposal of solid waste without any proper practice is one of the most common techniques in developing countries. The percolating water passed through the wastes becomes contaminated and dissolved soluble organic and in organic as well as suspended particles. The contaminated fluid i.e. leachate percolates through soil and affects the soil quality as well as ground water. Factors like precipitation, runoff, infiltration, evaporation, ambient temperature, waste composition, waste density, moisture content of waste, depth of waste fill affects the production of leachate from the landfill. In this research leachate characterization was studied which was generating from municipal solid waste dumping site of Gandhinagar city of Gujarat along with ground water samples. Various physico-chemical parameters like pH, Electrical conductivity, Total dissolved solids,Chemical oxygen demands; Alkalinity and Calcium (Ca 2+) were analyzed and reported and were found more than the prescribed limits. The ground water near to dump site was found to be polluted and cannot be used directly for potable and non potable uses without having further treatment.